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Are you into monitors? Easy-to-understand demonstration of knowledge sharing


In past, when introducing monitors, focus was on a certain aspect, such as panel, refresh rate, resolution, etc. Some people may not need to understand such details, so hero U will share some additional information with you today. comprehensive, easy-to-understand monitor basics.

Are you into monitors? Easy-to-understand demonstration of knowledge sharing


Color gamut is number of colors a monitor can display. The higher color gamut, more colors monitor can display. The monitor now mainly uses two color gamuts to represent settings, one is NTSC and other is sRGB. 72% NTSC = 100% sRGB. It is usually sufficient for a display to reach this level, and most displays currently can do so.

Color Depth

Color depth refers to accuracy of a monitor's color display, usually expressed in bits. The color depth of conventional monitors is 6 to 8 bits, and best ones are larger. Color display accuracy means it can display color changes in more detail, such as transition from black to white will be more smooth, from black to dark gray, gray, light gray to white, etc., rather than a sudden change from black to white in a certain place.

Color difference

Color difference is amount of color restoration. The color difference is represented by deltaE. The smaller value, more accurately display shows color. The color difference of display used in professional drawing field is usually less than 3.


Contrast is simply clarity of an image and brightness of colors. The higher contrast, sharper image and brighter color. If contrast is too low, image will be gray. Take a cell phone. phone film as an example High contrast is high definition film and low contrast is matte film.

Are you into monitors? Easy-to-understand demonstration of knowledge sharing

Update frequency

The refresh rate is number of images displayed per second, that is, frames. 60Hz means 60 images can be displayed in one second, while 144Hz means 144. The more images displayed, smoother images will be displayed if they are sequential.

Response time

is screen delay value, that is, time interval for switching screen. We know that images we see on monitor are result of continuously playing one picture after another, then switching from one picture to another. required time is response time. The usual unit of measure is ms (milliseconds). The smaller value, faster screen switches. If value is too high, delay will be severe and image will be blurry or ghosted. Regular monitors can go as fast as 6ms to 8ms, while high-end esports monitors can go as low as 1ms.


Resolution should be most popular setting. The higher resolution, sharper picture. I won't talk much about it. As a general rule, monitors 27 inches and above need 2K or 4K, and 1080P below 27 is sufficient.

TN Panel

Pros: fast response time, high refresh rate.

Weaknesses: Poor color, faded image and small viewing angle. With exception of gaming monitors, other regular monitors usually do not use this type of panel. The color gamut of some TN panels can also reach 72% NTSC, but it is still much worse than that of IPS screens.

IPS panel

Pros: good color reproduction, wide viewing angle.

Disadvantages: Light leakage is serious, so if you are buying an IPS display, don't worry too much about light leakage because you are unlikely to find an IPS screen without light leakage. IPS panels are currently most widely used panels.

Are you into monitors? Easy-to-understand demonstration of knowledge sharing

VA Panel:

Benefits: good color reproduction, high contrast but large angle, less light leakage, purer blacks.

Cons: The response time is very slow, which is worse than IPS, so if you play games it is not recommended to use VA panels at all.

Display Ad Usage Analysis

Shooting at player

Regardless of hardware performance, your best bet is to go for a 144Hz esports monitor with a 1ms response time. Of course, color will be relatively poor, but it can be used if it is only used for games. If it's an IPS panel, then there's also 144Hz, but it's hard to get a 1ms response time, usually around 5ms, and price of a 144Hz refresh rate of an IPS display is much more expensive than a TN panel.

Now best brands are Asus, BenQ and Acer.

Professional areas such as PS/drawing/photography/video editing, etc.

Typically, pay attention to color gamut, color depth, color difference, and static display contrast. It is best to choose an IPS panel and a VA edge. The color gamut should be very high, and color depth should be above 8 bits. If it is a Samsung display, static contrast ratio will be very high, and dynamic contrast ratio will not have much of a reference value.

A better brand now has Dell U series.

Normal user

Standard users can use a common color standard without having to worry too much. The IPS screen is better, and size and price are main considerations. Generally, a monitor costing about 1500 yuan is recommended.

Currently, best brands are Samsung, Dell and AOC.

Special Screen: Fish Screen

Primary monitors have a 16:9 aspect ratio, but some monitors have a 21:9 aspect ratio, commonly known as fish screens. The advantage is that it can display more content, such as when browsing web and playing games, so fish screen is very suitable for games and work, but games require a better graphics card, because resolution of fish screen is often very high.

Are you into monitors? Easy-to-understand demonstration of knowledge sharing

However, this screen is not recommended if you're just watching videos or movies, as most current movie sources have a 16:9 aspect ratio. If you watch videos on such a display, there will be large black bars on both screens. side of screen.